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Volume 45, Issue 2

Yang Wu1
1Academy of Fine Arts, Nanjing Xiaozhuang College, Jiangsu, Nanjing 210000, China.

Artificial intelligence (AI) is increasingly used in the Internet of Things (IoT), and allows physical devices in the real world to connect with the Internet. Now, with the emergence of resource conservation, energy efficient utilization and social harmony, the rapid realization of the new Internet of Things combined with artificial intelligence technology also puts forward higher requirements for the sustainable design of modern interior environment designers. This paper mainly studies the distributed positioning algorithm based on relative position information in 3D environment, provides the latest algorithm model for the application of new communication and sensor technology in indoor environment design, and proposes sufficient conditions. The algorithm uses Laplace matrix to skillfully transform the position information in local coordinate system, and gives the process of calculating the weight of the directed edge. Then, the algorithm is simulated using Matlab. The simulation starts from whether there is noise, and verifies the robustness of the distributed algorithm by introducing noise interference. Simulation results show that the algorithm can achieve high positioning accuracy, and verify that noise interference has no effect on the effectiveness of the algorithm.

Saqib K.1
1University of Florida, USA.

This research explores the international expansion of new products in Europe, seeking answers to the following questions: Do growth patterns vary significantly across European countries? If so, are these differences driven by cultural or economic factors? What strategic implications do these findings have for new product development?

The results reveal substantial variations in growth patterns across European countries, primarily attributed to economic affluence rather than cultural differences. This study examines the implications of these findings on: (a) selecting a concentrated or dispersed approach for introducing new products; (b) adopting a global or localized marketing strategy for new products; and (c) managing expectations for new product growth within organizations.

Ping Chen1
1College English Department, Shandong Foreign Trade Vocational College, Qingdao 266100, Shandong, China.

In the reform of teaching mode, the supply of large-scale teaching does not match the needs of students’ personalized training. In terms of teaching concept innovation, teaching practice can hardly catch up with the pace of theoretical innovation and the evolution of social market demand. Considering the increasingly common global communication, the digitalization and intelligence upgrade in the economic field, and the reform of the teaching paradigm driven by a new round of scientific and technological revolution, this paper discusses the necessity of reforming the teaching ideas and methods of flight attendant management from the perspective of cross-cultural communication competence. At the same time, this paper proposes that the actual teaching should be student-centered and market-oriented. Through the integration of virtual and reality, teachers and students can communicate with each other in both virtual and real dimensions. By accelerating the practice and reform of the teaching in this way, we can improve the cross-cultural communication ability of talents in the field of flight attendant management and cultivate high-quality talents more suitable for modern civil aviation business.

Naveed Ahmad1
1Real state agent, Canada.

Location factors are crucial in understanding the spatial distribution of economic activities and the selection of locations by companies. Essentially, location factors represent the spatial manifestation of the production factors a company needs. One such factor, accommodation, has often been overlooked, despite its significant relevance to location choice. The type and size of premises can impact a company’s productivity. Therefore, accommodation should be viewed as a cost item that varies by location. This article examines the role of accommodation in the search for a new office location. Our findings indicate that it plays a crucial role in this decision-making process, especially for companies looking to rent office space. This has implications for location theory, which typically assumes that companies will construct their own buildings. However, firms seeking rental office space are dependent on the available supply in the real estate market. We conclude that location theory does not adequately address the search for office space through the rental market or the issue of supply and demand mismatches.

Wenping Wang1
1College of Business Administration, Chongqing Vocational and Technical University of Mechatronics,Bishan 402760, ChongQing, China.

In recent years, with the proposal and implementation of my country’s carbon peaking and carbon neutrality strategic goals, my country has formed complete regulations on semi-mandatory disclosure of environmental information, and the disclosure rate of ESG reports is on a large scale. sexual growth. This article examines the effect of ESG performance on corporate financing costs based on the notion of information asymmetry and other theories. Next, using a sample of 1044 A-share listed businesses between 2016 and 2020, by sorting out and analyzing ESG report disclosure and rating data, the company’s ESG performance indicators are obtained, order to examine the connection between financing costs and ESG performance, an empirical model is built. The final half of this paper looks more closely at how company heterogeneity affects the relationship between ESG performance and costs. Furthermore, the moderating impacts of company size and media attention are explored in relation to the influence of ESG performance on corporate finance costs. The empirical findings demonstrate that business size has a moderating influence that is favourable.